Douglas fir is our Primary Timber Species

Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is well known for its strength and durability. The appearance and stability of the clearer grades of Douglas fir make it ideal for joinery, doors, millwork, window and door casings, mantels, stairs, baseboards, paneling, and flooring. Characterized by density, Douglas fir is extremely desirable for the timber frame and post-and-beam uses in residential housing and light commercial building industry. Douglas fir is unique among all softwood species in that it is dimensionally stable without being dried, meaning that it does not significantly shrink or twist.

What other species does Island Timberlands supply?
Western Hemlock

Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) is a very strong and even grained species. It is very light colored and has little contrast between heartwood and sapwood. It can be used for many applications requiring strength. Common applications include doors, windows, staircases and ladders , as well as specialized uses such as wood turnings, broom handles, and rails.

Balsam Fir

Balsam Fir (Abies amabilis) is unique in its light color, even grain and low odor. It has specialty applications uses in food presentation and storage business. Although Balsam logs are generally included within the Hemlock sorts, there are unique opportunities to separate Balsam into customer sorts for pure Balsam applications.

Western Red Cedar

Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicatais) is world renowned for its fine grain and beautiful texture. This species is naturally rot-resistant, very durable, light in weight, free of pitch or resin and is considered one of the most desirable softwoods. Resistant to decay and insect damage, this wood is desirable for untold applications and will remain sound in most environments for more than a century. Having a low relative density affords a good thermal insulator, hence ideal for saunas. Other common uses include siding, decking, interior panelling and fencing.

Yellow Cedar

Yellow Cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis) is very desirable and commercially valuable for its straight fine grain, light yellow color and its resistance to decay. It is prized for in the construction of temples and shrines for its strength and elegance. It is also utilized extensively for boat building, sauna manufacturing, fine cabinetry, interior and exterior millwork, traditional planking and decking and for sill plates and temple components.

Sitka Spruce

Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis) is highly valued for exceptional strength-to-weight ratio and for excellent tone and resonating qualities. It is utilized as the sounding board in the finest grand pianos. Stronger than the same weight component made of steel, Sitka Spruce for many structural applications. Sitka Spruce grows along the Pacific Coast mostly near sea level. It is most abundant on Vancouver Island and the Queen Charlotte Islands.

Other Species

We also offer smaller quantities of lumber from other species. Red Alder (Alnus rubra) is the largest species of alder in North America, offering a relatively soft texture, minimal grain, and a medium luster. White Pine (Pinus monticola) is ideal for carving, due to its fine grain and uniform texture, and is also well-suited for pattern-making and furniture. Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) offers a grain that is fine yet prominent, and wood that is heavy, hard, and widely used in butchers blocks, instruments, and furniture.